Electrical Systems

The emergence of glass cockpits and other electronic systems in general aviation has changed the way we should look at electrical systems. Electricity is very much the life-blood of modern airplanes. We believe that only on Cirrus aircraft does the electrical system design reflect this criticality. Redundancy is still many people's thinking (see sidebar) and some consider that simply having a switch to connect multiple buses together is a sound way to deal with alternator/battery failure. It might be "legal" but it is not good enough.

Regulations require little more than dual sources of power (sometimes interpreted as an alternator and a battery) and backup instruments with their own power (this can be as minimal as a small, dedicated battery). This is intended to ensure a level of redundancy for essential attitude, airspeed and altitude information. But Cirrus does not consider redundancy to be enough.

The Cirrus electrical system goes much further and protects essential equipment (PFD, autopilot, GPS, etc.) by isolating it from all other equipment. Power can be drawn from any alternator or battery but essential equipment cannot be compromised by some piece of non-essential equipment or physical short elsewhere in the system.

This introduces fault tolerance and robustness to the Cirrus electrical system.

Cirrus "all electric" airplanes have two alternators, two batteries and multiple buses for power distribution. Robust, fault tolerant design ensures that essential equipment is supported indefinitely even after multiple failures.

Why is all this necessary? Again, as discussed above, modern general aviation aircraft depend on reliable power for all instrumentation. It needs to be robust - and fault tolerant.